Post Office NSC or National Savings Certificate is a popular investment vehicle. In this post, we look at NSC interest rate chart, Tax Benefits and interest rate calculation. NSC has been into market since early 1950s’. The NSC during the beginning was issued with an intention to raise money for helping the development of India. The transition of NSC from fund generating investment scheme to tax saving investment scheme was much later.
Now-a-days NSC is a tax saving, risk free investment instrument which are issued and managed by Indian Post offices and the amount invested under this scheme is used for the benefit and development of the country.
Post Office NSC Scheme Details
Who can invest?
All Indian resident individuals can open NSC account. As NSC scheme is an investment scheme only for individual residents thus companies or trusts or Hindu Unified Families (HUF) cannot invest in them.
Note: But if the individual was resident at the time of buying the certificate and becomes NRI at the time of maturity, then the same is allowed
How much amount can be invested?
The NSC is generally issued in denominations of Rs.100, Rs.500, Rs.1000, Rs.5000 or Rs.10,000.
The minimum amount to be invested under NSC scheme is Rs.100.
There is no upper limit restriction for investment under this scheme, whereas the tax benefit is restricted to Rs.1.5 lakh only.
How to open an NSC account?
The interested individual must obtain and fill the NSC application and submit the same in post office. Along with application, the individual needs to provide self-attested copy of identity proof and address proof for opening the NSC account. The individual needs to provide the amount which he or she wants to invest, this amount one wants to invest can be contributed in cash, bank transfer or demand draft.
Note: One can download the NSC application online or can obtain a copy from post office.
Any contribution made under the NSC scheme, an individual can claim tax benefit and deduction up to a limit of Rs.1.5 Lakh in a year under the section 80C of Income tax act. Along with the invested amount, any interest earned on the investment (except for the interest earned in last year) can also be claimed as tax deduction under section 80C up to an overall limit of Rs.1.5 Lac.
Interest Rate Chart
The rate of interest to be earned on NSC certificate is decided by the government. The rate of interest is generally provided each year by 1st April. The NSC issued at the specified rate for that period. Once NSC issued at specific interest rate, then the rate of interest would not change till the maturity date.
The interest rate for the last year was 8.8% per year for 5-year NSC and is. It had been 8.7% for 10-year NSC.
|NSC for 5 years||NSC for 10 years|
|Year||Rate of Interest||Rate of Interest|
Discontinued from January 2016
The rate of return on NSC scheme is unaffected by inflation or market movement as the rate of interest doesn’t change for the whole lock-in period. This feature enables the investor to not only mitigate the market fluctuation risk but also remain the scheme unaffected in moving inflation rates and government policies.
The NSC Maturity Calculator is based on the below factors:
- Date of initiation NSC investment account.
- Total amount invested under NSC scheme.
- Number of years for maturity or withdrawal
- Applicable rate of interest
There are many online calculators available for the said calculations and once you key in all the details in any online or offline NSC Calculator, the maturity period total would be provided.
The below are a few popular NSC calculator:
Types of NSC accounts holding
· Single Holder Type certificate
Single Holder Type certificate as the name suggests are the certificates issued to single individual in case of single holding of NSC scheme account.
· Joint ‘A’ Type Certificate
Joint ‘A’ Type certificate is a certificate used in case of joint NSC account holding. This certificate is issued to two adult holders of joint NSC account. Under this holding scheme the amount at the time of maturity is payable to both. In case of nomination, transfer or cancellation of NSC account signature of both the account holder is required.
· Joint ‘B’ Type Certificate
Joint ‘B’ Type certificate is very much similar to A type joint certificate. Under B type holding also the NSC investment certificate is issued to both joint holders. These joint holders have 100% eligible for managing the certificate. The only difference under this scheme of certificate is that at the time of maturity the amount is paid only to one of the holders.
Types of NSC certificates
There are two types of NSC certificates which are issued by post office.
The general property of both types of NSC certificate is more or less same. Please find the details of distinguishing factor of both types as below:
· NSC Issue VIII
NSC Issue VIII certificate are issued for a period of 5 years. The interest earned under this scheme is comparatively lower than the certificate once offered for Issue IX.
· NSC Issue IX
NSC Issue IX certificate are issued for a period of 10 years. The interest earned under this scheme is comparatively higher than the certificate once offered for Issue VIII
The NSC investment scheme comes with a lock-in period of 5 years or 10 years as opted by the investor. The NSC scheme amount can be prematurely withdrawn only in below cases:
- Where NSC holder has passes away.
- Where the NSC holder of the certificate has forfeited the amount by making a pledge.
- A court of law has been ordered for premature withdrawal.
When the holder withdraws the amount from NSC scheme before the determined due date then the below amount only would be paid:
- If the withdrawal procedure is initiated before the completion of a year from the date of enrollment under NSC scheme then: the investor will receive only the invested amount. No interest value would be paid.
- If the withdrawal procedure is initiated after the completion of a year but before the third year from the date of enrollment then simple interest earned on investment amount would also be paid along with all amount invested under the scheme.
Transferring of NSC
NSC scheme certificate can be transferred as below:
· Transfer from one post office to another
In cases where the NSC holder is moving from one place to another and the holder won’t be able to manage the NSC investment due to location constraint. Then the post office can allow the inter location post office transfer of the NSC account.
The investor needs to provide transfer application at either the old or new post office requesting for the transfer.
· Transfer from one person to another
In case the holder wishes to transfer his or her NSC investment certificate in others name then the NSC holder can apply for such a transfer. The NSC holder needs to provide a written consent to the postmaster of the post office where the certificates are held. Such transfers can be made from:
- The original holder to their nominee if the holder has died.
- In such cases where a court order has been passed
- In case of joint holding type A or B, the ownership can be passed within the joint holders.
In case the NSC scheme certificates are lost or damaged or misplaced one can also apply for duplicates certificate copy. The post office official may provide duplicate copy after verifying and validating all document proof and application submitted by the NSC holder.
Thus NSC investment scheme provides the NSC holder with a safe a risk free instrument which provides guaranteed return on investment and the holder can also claim tax benefit deduction on making such investment. These 3 mentioned features makes NSC one of the most secure investment scheme currently available in market.
We hope the blog clarified you about the Post Office NSC Schemes. To read more about Post Office Saving Schemes, Head over to Post Office Saving Schemes – All you need to Know.