Recurring Deposit (RD) is a special kind of term deposit account offered by the banks operating India. Under this account scheme an individual can deposit a fixed amount every month into their Recurring Deposit account and earn interest at the rate defined by the RBI for the period of deposits.This is a very popular saving scheme for salaried employees with limited income source. Post office also offers Post Office Recurring Deposit Scheme and we will look at Post Office Recurring Deposits in Detail in this post.
Recurring Deposit account are generally opened for a pre-determined fixed period of time and the deposits are to be made at regular intervals as decided by the account holder and deposit scheme opted.(the deposits can be made on monthly or quarterly).
Indian Post Office also offers their customers with an option to a 5 year recurring deposit (RD) account wherein the account holder can add their saving on monthly basis and earn fixed interest on same.
Who can open Post Office RD account ?
Every Indian citizen who has attained 18 years can open a Recurring Deposit account in Post Office.
Even minors who have attained 10 years can open post office recurring deposit account.
How to open Post Office RD account?
In case an individual wants to open recurring deposit account with post office, then the person need to submit the below documents:
- Account opening form
- The interested individual must submit self-attested copies of PAN Card and AADHAR card (for Address Proof and ID proof) for KYC verification purpose.
Note: Senior citizens have different form to be filed for opening the RD account.
Duration of the Post Office RD account
The recurring deposit in post office can be opened for 5 years (60 months).
Do’s and Don’ts while making deposits:
- As per post office rule, the minimum amount to be deposited in RD account must be not less than Rs.10.
- There is no maximum ceiling limit for RD deposits.
- The deposit should always be made in multiple of Rs.5
- The deposit can be made wither in cash, demand draft or cheque.
(Note: There is no online option for depositing or maintaining the account)
- The deposits are to be made on the date decided at the beginning of account opening. In case the due date is missed then it would be considered as default in payment. The due date here mainly ranges in between 1st to 15th of each month.
Tax deduction or benefit
The contribution made under post office RD is not eligible for claiming any tax benefits or deduction under any sections.
In case the individual makes default while making deposits payment:
- In case the account holder have made 4 defaults in paying the deposit amount to post office, then the account holder at his own discretion can extend the maturity period of the account or the given months defaulted.
- In case the account holder has defaulted for more than four times in making payment then the account is discontinued and no further deposit can be made. But the account can be made operative only if all the defaulted deposits are made within a period of two months from the month of fifth default. In such case of default, penalty are to be imposed on the accountholder at the rate of five paise for every five rupee of defaulted deposits.
Once the total deposits are made and the penalty fees are complied with the RD account shall not be treated as discontinued.
Note: In case of Defence Services Personnel (excluding Civilian Defence Employees), instead of 4 defaults limit, the default limit is extended to 7 defaults. The rest of the rule of penalty and payment remains the same.
|Indian Citizen||Defaults for less than 4 deposit||Maturity period can be changed at the discretion of the account holder|
|Defaults for more than 4 deposit||account would be discontinued till the time the account holder deposits the total amount in the account and also pays the appriate penalty charged to the account|
Personnel (excluding Civilian Defence)
|Defaults for less than 7 deposit||Maturity period can be changed at the discretion of the account holder|
|Defaults for more than 7 deposit||account would be discontinued till the time the account holder deposits the total amount in the account and also pays the appriate penalty charged to the account|
Advance deposits are deposits made in advance. An account holder can make such advance deposits for a period not less than 6 months. The depositor receives discount for very deposit made.
|account holder makes advance payment for more than 6 payment but less than 12 payment||Rs.1 for every Rs.10 deposited|
|account holder makes advance payment for more than 12 payments in any calendar year||Rs.4 for every Rs.12 deposited|
Early Closure of account:
The account holder can decide to close the account before the maturity date (i.e. before completion of 5 years). The account can be prematurely closed only after a period of 3 years from the date of account opening. The account holder will also receive the interest earned for the period of deposit along with the amount of investment.
Note: The account cannot be closed for the period up to which the advance payment is made.
Extension of Post office RD account
In case the account holder has completely paid 60 monthly instalments till the time of maturity, then the account tenure can be extended for further 5 years. However, this extension of period for the account would be considered as fresh account and all new rules and interest rate would be applicable.
Death of account Holder
In case of unfortunate death of account holder, the amount deposited till date can be withdrawn by the nominee. (Note: Nominee is the person nominated by the primary account holder)
Post Office Recurring deposit Interest calculation
The rate of interest on RD account is decided by Government of Indian on annual basis. The current on-going interest rate is 7.3%.
The below table helps oneself understand the return that an individual at the year-end in case the individual invests Rs.10 each month under this scheme.
|Period||In case Rs.10 is deposited is on monthly basis|
|From 01.01.1999 to 14.01.2000||811.15|
|From 15.01.2000 to 28.01.2001||789.6|
|From 01.03.2001 to 28.02.2002||758.53|
|From 01.03.2002 to 28.02.2003||748.49|
|From 01.03.2003 to 30.11.2011||728.9|
|From 01.12.2011 to 31.03.2012||738.62|
|From 01.04.2012 to 31.03.2013||746.51|
|From 01.04.2013 to 31.03.2014||744.53|
|From 01.04.2014 to 31.03.2016||746.51|
|From 01.04.2016 to 30.09.2016||726.97|
The Post Office scheme is risk free and reliable, but is not majorly popular in today’s time due to various investment schemes available.
But still individual can opt for the scheme in case they are planning to save planned amount on a monthly basis.